Bahrain

  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /var/www/stage/var/www/wlp/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 879.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_attach_plugin_display_node_content::options_submit() should be compatible with views_plugin_display::options_submit(&$form, &$form_state) in /var/www/stage/var/www/wlp/sites/all/modules/views_attach/views_attach_plugin_display_node_content.inc on line 248.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_argument::init() should be compatible with views_handler::init(&$view, $options) in /var/www/stage/var/www/wlp/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_argument.inc on line 745.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/stage/var/www/wlp/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_argument_many_to_one.inc on line 36.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/stage/var/www/wlp/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_argument_many_to_one.inc on line 36.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter::options_validate() should be compatible with views_handler::options_validate($form, &$form_state) in /var/www/stage/var/www/wlp/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter.inc on line 589.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter::options_submit() should be compatible with views_handler::options_submit($form, &$form_state) in /var/www/stage/var/www/wlp/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter.inc on line 589.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter_boolean_operator::value_validate() should be compatible with views_handler_filter::value_validate($form, &$form_state) in /var/www/stage/var/www/wlp/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_boolean_operator.inc on line 149.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_plugin_style_default::options() should be compatible with views_object::options() in /var/www/stage/var/www/wlp/sites/all/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_style_default.inc on line 25.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_plugin_row::options_validate() should be compatible with views_plugin::options_validate(&$form, &$form_state) in /var/www/stage/var/www/wlp/sites/all/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_row.inc on line 135.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_plugin_row::options_submit() should be compatible with views_plugin::options_submit(&$form, &$form_state) in /var/www/stage/var/www/wlp/sites/all/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_row.inc on line 135.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /var/www/stage/var/www/wlp/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 879.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/stage/var/www/wlp/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_argument_many_to_one.inc on line 36.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/stage/var/www/wlp/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_argument_many_to_one.inc on line 36.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /var/www/stage/var/www/wlp/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 879.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/stage/var/www/wlp/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_argument_many_to_one.inc on line 36.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/stage/var/www/wlp/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_argument_many_to_one.inc on line 36.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /var/www/stage/var/www/wlp/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 879.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/stage/var/www/wlp/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_argument_many_to_one.inc on line 36.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/stage/var/www/wlp/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_argument_many_to_one.inc on line 36.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /var/www/stage/var/www/wlp/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 879.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/stage/var/www/wlp/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_argument_many_to_one.inc on line 36.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/stage/var/www/wlp/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_argument_many_to_one.inc on line 36.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /var/www/stage/var/www/wlp/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 879.

At A Glance

Indices and Rankings
Gender Gap Ranking1 #110/134
Gender Inequality Index2 0.512
HDI Ranking3 #39
Political Participation
Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses 2.5%/27.5%
Women in Parliament ranking #130/133
Women at ministerial level (ranking) 11% (#63/133)
Year women received right to vote/be elected 1973/1973

Read more

Overview
GovernmentConstitutional monarchy
Total population1.2 million
GDP per capita (PPP) $40,400
HDI ranking#39
Population under age 1520.5%
Urban population89%
Internet users88%
LanguagesArabic (official), English, Farsi, Urdu

Indices Education & Employment Political Participation
Sources (March 2011): CIA World Factbook, Inter-Parliamentary Union, Internet World Stats, MDG Info 2010, Quota Project, UNESCO Institute for Statistics, UNICEF ChildInfo , UNICEF State of the World's Children 2011, United Nations Development Project Human Development Reports, World Economic Forum, World Health Organization Global Health Observatory Database. 1.The World Economic Forum's Gender Gap index assesses how well countries divide resources and opportunities amongs male and female populations in four areas: economic participation and opportunity (salaries, participation levels and access to high-skilled employment), educational attainment (access to basic and higher level education), health and survival (life expectancy and sex ratio), and political empowerment (representation in decision-making structures). 2. The UNDP's Gender Inequality Index is designed to reveal the extent to which national human development achievements are eroded by gender inequality. It is a composite measure reflecting inequality in achievements between women and men in three dimensions: reproductive health (maternal mortality ratio and adolescent fertility rate), empowerment (share of parliamentary seats, and secondary and higher education attainment levels) and the labour market (women's participation in the work force). It varies between zero (when women and men fare equally) and one (when men or women fare poorly compared to the other in all dimensions). 3. The UNDP's Human Development Index (HDI) is a summary composite index that measures a country's average achievements in three basic aspects of human development: health, knowledge, and income. It was created to emphasize that people and their capabilities should be the ultimate criteria for assessing the development of a country, not economic growth alone. 4. Vulnerable employment is a Millenium Development Goal (MDG) 1B indicator; vulnerable employments are lower productivity and informal activities such as own-account workers and unpaid family workers. They are therefore more likely to lack benefi ts associated with decent employment, such as adequate social security and recourse to effective mechanisms for social dialogue. Vulnerable employment is often characterized by inadequate earnings, low productivity and substandard working conditions that undermine fundamental labour rights.
Gender Gap Ranking #110/134 Adult literacy rate, females as a % of males 99% Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses 2.5%/27.5%
Gender Inequality Index 0.512 Population with secondary education, female/male ratio 17% Women in Parliament ranking #130/133
Vulnerable employment for women (men)4 -- Women at ministerial level (ranking) 11%(#63/133)
Year women received right to vote/be elected 1973,2002/1973,2002
HealthQuotas
Lifetime risk in maternal death, 1 in 2200 Quota type --
Births per woman 2.3 Constitutional quota in lower house --
Births per 1000 women aged 15-19 17 Electoral quota in lower house --
Voluntary political party quotas --

Show less

Our Partner

Bahrain Women Association (BWA) is a non profit organization dedicated to empowering women to actively participate in public life and to maximize their contribution to Bahrain’s democratic transition. Through activities including training workshops and seminars, radio and television programs, advocacy campaigns and networking, BWA promotes active citizen participation among women. Officially established in 2001, the vision of BWA is "to empower leaders for the human development era." Read More >

Reports & Updates
November 4, 2011 | 2011 Events, arab spring, Bahrain, Egypt, Family Law Reform, Human Rights, Iran, Jordan, Leading to Action, MENA, Middle East, Morocco, Rights & Reservations: Realizing CEDAW, senate, ICT for Social Change, Political Participation
The following is WLP President Mahnaz Afkhami's written testimony for the hearing on Women and the Arab Spring to the Senate Foreign Relations Subcommittee on International Operation and Organizations, Human Rights, Democracy, and Global Women’s Issues and Subcommittee on Near Eastern and South Central Asia Affairs. Thank you for the opportunity to submit this testimony on the state of women’s rights in the Middle East and North Africa during this critical time of transition. 
June 27, 2011 | Bahrain, Claiming Equal Citizenship, Family Law Reform, Middle East, Yes I Can, Young & Emerging Leaders
Bahrain Women Association (BWA) is a nonprofit organization dedicated to empowering women to actively participate in public life, and to maximize their contribution to Bahrain’s democratic transition. Through activities including training workshops and seminars, radio and television programs, advocacy campaigns and networking, BWA promotes active citizen participation among women. Officially established in 2001, the vision of BWA is "to empower leaders for the human development era."
March 16, 2011 | Bahrain, Bahrain, Human Rights, human rights, Human Rights Alerts, Middle East
WLP has just received the following appeal from our colleagues in Bahrain:Civil society organizations in Bahrain are appealing for support, as developments in the country today have led to serious safety risks for citizens who have been protesting for democratic change since February 14.
August 19, 2009 | Bahrain, Claiming Equal Citizenship, Human Rights
The Bahraini government took the first step to implement a new law that guarantees the equal treatment of children of Bahraini women married to non-Bahraini men. Health care fee waiver cards will be distributed to foreign children of Bahraini women and foreign wives of Bahraini men starting next week. Five thousand cards have already been printed for distribution.
December 8, 2008 | Bahrain, Jordan, Nigeria, Yes I Can, Young & Emerging Leaders
In cooperation with our partner organization in Bahrain, WLP completed the full first draft of a manual for adolescent girls between the ages of twelve and seventeen. The manual will serve as the primary curriculum for YWLP, and is intended for use during leadership training workshops. The manual's fun and interactive sessions enable adolescents to develop greater self confidence, learn how to communicate more effectively, build leadership skills, and identify areas where they can be leaders in their own communities.
December 4, 2008 | Bahrain, Rights & Reservations: Realizing CEDAW
Among the issues discussed at the CEDAW meeting was Bahrain’s civil society law which prevents NGOs from getting involved in politics, limiting the work of women’s organizations. The shadow report presenters emphasized the importance of lifting the CEDAW reservations, eliminating discrimination in the nationality law, and introducing a personal status law to help govern family issues such as marriage, divorce, and custody.
May 13, 2008 | Bahrain, Claiming Equal Citizenship, Middle East
The irony is that most of the listed families who are the focus of the nationality campaign are eligible to obtain a Bahraini passport and fulfill all conditions set by the laws. The nationality law stipulates a mandatory three-year residence for GCC nationals in Bahrain, 15 years for Arabs and 25 years for non-Arabs to obtain Bahraini citizenship.
S:SSO to Sakai