Facts and Figures

  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /var/www/stage/var/www/wlp/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 879.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_attach_plugin_display_node_content::options_submit() should be compatible with views_plugin_display::options_submit(&$form, &$form_state) in /var/www/stage/var/www/wlp/sites/all/modules/views_attach/views_attach_plugin_display_node_content.inc on line 0.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_argument::init() should be compatible with views_handler::init(&$view, $options) in /var/www/stage/var/www/wlp/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_argument.inc on line 0.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter::options_validate() should be compatible with views_handler::options_validate($form, &$form_state) in /var/www/stage/var/www/wlp/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter.inc on line 0.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter::options_submit() should be compatible with views_handler::options_submit($form, &$form_state) in /var/www/stage/var/www/wlp/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter.inc on line 0.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter_boolean_operator::value_validate() should be compatible with views_handler_filter::value_validate($form, &$form_state) in /var/www/stage/var/www/wlp/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_boolean_operator.inc on line 0.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_plugin_row::options_validate() should be compatible with views_plugin::options_validate(&$form, &$form_state) in /var/www/stage/var/www/wlp/sites/all/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_row.inc on line 0.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_plugin_row::options_submit() should be compatible with views_plugin::options_submit(&$form, &$form_state) in /var/www/stage/var/www/wlp/sites/all/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_row.inc on line 0.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /var/www/stage/var/www/wlp/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 879.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/stage/var/www/wlp/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_argument_many_to_one.inc on line 36.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/stage/var/www/wlp/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_argument_many_to_one.inc on line 36.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_plugin_style_default::options() should be compatible with views_object::options() in /var/www/stage/var/www/wlp/sites/all/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_style_default.inc on line 0.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /var/www/stage/var/www/wlp/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 879.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /var/www/stage/var/www/wlp/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 879.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/stage/var/www/wlp/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_argument_many_to_one.inc on line 36.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/stage/var/www/wlp/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_argument_many_to_one.inc on line 36.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /var/www/stage/var/www/wlp/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 879.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /var/www/stage/var/www/wlp/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 879.

Political Participation1

Women parliamentarians in lower house Women parliamentarians in upper house Women in Parliament ranking Women at ministerial level Women at ministerial level ranking Year women received right to vote Year women received right to stand for election
Source: 1. Inter-Parliamentary Union http://www.IPU.org.wmn-e/classif.html.
Afghanistan 0.28 28 31 7 76 1963 (revoked 1996-2001) 1963 (revoked 1996-2001)
Bahrain 2.5 27.5 130 11 63 1973/2002 1973/2002
Brazil 9 16 108 7 77 1932 1932
Egypt 13 - 90 9 69 1956 1956
India 11 10 98 10 66 1950 1950
Indonesia 18 - 68 14 53 1945 1945
Iran 3 - 129 3 92 1963 1963
Jordan 11 15 98 7 78 1974 1974
Kazakhstan 18 4 69 5 85 1924 1924
Kyrgyzstan 23 - 47 10 66 1918 1918
Lebanon 3 - 127 7 78 1952 1952
Malaysia 10 28 102 7 79 1957 1957
Mauritania 22 14 52 23 33 1961 1961
Morocco 10.5 2 99 11 62 1963 1963
Nicaragua 21 - 58 38.5 10 1955 1955
Nigeria 7 8 118 10 67 1954 (East), 1955 (West taxpayers), 1959(South), 1975(North) 1954 (East), 1955 (West taxpayers), 1959(South), 1975(North)
Pakistan 22 17 51 7.5 75 1947(literate women), 1956(all women) 1947(literate women), 1956(all women)
Palestine - - - - - - -
Turkey 9 - 105 7.7 74 1930 1934
Zimbabwe 15 24 79 19 43 1957 1978

Quotas2

Legislated quota type Constitutional quota (in lower house) Electoral quota (in lower house) Voluntary political party quotas
Source: 2. Quota Project http://www.quotaproject.org/uid/search.cfm.
Afghanistan Reserved Seats Yes Yes No
Bahrain - - - -
Brazil Legislated Candidate Quotas No Yes Yes
Egypt Reserved Seats No Yes No
India None legislated No No No
Indonesia Legislated Candidate Quotas No Yes No
Iran - - - -
Jordan Reserved Seats No Yes No
Kazakhstan None legislated No No No
Kyrgyzstan Reserved Seats No Yes No
Lebanon None legislated No No No
Malaysia - - - -
Mauritania Legislated Candidate Quotas No Yes No
Morocco None legislated No No Yes
Nicaragua None legislated No No Yes
Nigeria - - - -
Pakistan Reserved Seats Yes No No
Palestine - - - -
Turkey - - - -
Zimbabwe None legislated No No Yes

Education, Employment and Health

EDUCATION & EMPLOYMENTHEALTH
Sources: 3. UNICEF State of the World's Children 2011 http://www.unicef.org/sowc11/statistics.php, 4. United Nations Development Project Human Development Reports http://hdr.undp.org/en/statistics, 5. MDG Info 2010 http://www.devinfo.info/mdginfo2010, 6. UNICEF ChildInfo http://www.childinfo.org/maternal_mortality_indicators.php, 7. UNESCO Institute for Statistics http://stats.uis.unesco.org/unesco, 8. World Health Organization Global Health Observatory Database http://apps.who.int/ghodata/.
Adult literacy rate: females as a % of males3 Pop. with secondary education: females as a % of males4 Vulnerable jobs/total employment ratio: female (male)5 Lifetime risk in maternal death: 1 in6 Births per woman7 Births per 1000 women aged 15-198
Afghanistan 63% - - 11 6.6 121
Bahrain 99% 17% - 2200 2.3 17
Brazil 98% 93% 24%(29.5%) 860 1.9 76
Egypt 96% 105% 43.5%(20.4%) 380 2.9 39
India 96% 53% - 140 2.7 68
Indonesia 97% 78% 68%(60%) 190 2.2 40
Iran 88% 68% 56%(40%) 1500 1.8 18
Jordan 102% 78% - 510 3.5 24.5
Kazakhstan 102% 97% 38.5%(33%) 950 2.6 31
Kyrgyzstan 99% 100% 47%(47%) 450 2.7 32
Lebanon 98% 91% - 2000 1.8 16
Malaysia 100% 91% 21%(23%) 1200 2.6 13
Mauritania 107% 39% - 41 4.5 90
Morocco 95% 55% 64.5%(46%) 360 2.3 19
Nicaragua 100% 69% 45.5%(45%) 300 2.7 113
Nigeria 90% 50% - 23 5.7 127
Pakistan 83% 50% 75%(58%) 93 3.2 46
Palestine 100% 81% 44%(34%) - 3.9 79
Turkey 98% 58% 49%(30%) 1900 2.1 39
Zimbabwe 101% 79% 76.5%(48%) 42 3.4 65

Overview

OVERVIEWCOMPOSITE INDICES
Population (millions)9 GDP per capita (PPP)9 Pop. under 159 Urban pop.9 Internet usage10 Gender Gap ranking11 Gender Inequality Index12 HDI ranking12
Sources: 9. CIA World Factbook https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.html, 10. Internet World Stats http://internetworldstats.com, 11.World Economic Forum http://www.weforum.org/issues/global-gender-gap, 12. United Nations Development Project Human Development Reports http://hdr.undp.org/en/statistics/.
Afghanistan 29.8 $1,000 42% 23% 3% - 0.797 155
Bahrain 1.2 $40,400 21% 89% 88% 110 0.512 39
Brazil 203.4 $10,900 26% 87% 38% 85 0.631 73
Egypt 82.1 $6,200 33% 43% 21% 125 0.714 101
India 1189.2 $3,400 30% 30% 7% 112 0.748 119
Indonesia 245.6 $4,300 27% 44% 12% 87 0.68 108
Iran 77.9 $11,200 24% 71% 43% 123 0.674 70
Jordan 6.5 $5,300 35% 79% 27% 120 0.616 82
Kazakhstan 15.5 $12,800 22% 59% 34% 41 0.575 66
Kyrgyzstan 5.6 $2,200 29% 35% 40% 51 0.56 109
Lebanon 4.1 $14,200 23% 87% 24% 116 - 83
Malaysia 28.8 $14,700 30% 72% 65% 98 0.493 57
Mauritania 3.3 $2,100 40% 41% 2% 113 0.738 136
Morocco 32 $4,900 28% 58% 33% 127 0.693 114
Nicaragua 5.7 $2,900 32% 57% 10% 30 0.674 115
Nigeria 155.2 $2,400 41% 50% 29% 118 - 142
Pakistan 187.3 $2,400 35% 36% 10% 132 0.721 125
Palestine 3.8 $1,123 36% 72% 14% - - 110
Turkey 78.8 $12,300 27% 70% 45% 126 0.621 83
Zimbabwe 12.1 $400 42% 38% 12% 92 0.4 169
Alerts & Updates
January 9, 2012 | constitutional reforms, Family Law Reform, Middle East, Morocco, Morocco, Rights & Reservations: Realizing CEDAW, women's rights, Political Participation, Guide to Equality
To Mr. Abdelilah Benkirane Head of GovernmentWe are pleased to address you, after your appointment by King Mohammed VI, as Head of the Government, wishing you every success in your mission.
November 25, 2011 | 16 Days of Activism Against Gender-based Violenc, Human Rights, Jordan, Stop Violence Against Women, Political Participation
 Each year activists, youth, local and international organizations, and governmental officials committed to eliminating violence against women participate in the 16 Days of Activism Against Gender-based Violence. This annual campaign commences on November 25, the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women, and lasts through December 10, International Human Rights Day.As part of WLP’s 2012 campaign activities, we held the online premieres of our Arabic, French, and Spanish subtitled-editions of the documentary, From Fear to Freedom: Ending Violence Against Women. In WLP’s film, released in 2012, leading experts and activists from across the globe discuss the root causes of gender-based violence (GBV), share strategies to combat it, and provide inspiring accounts of the important milestones already achieved through the international women’s movement.
November 4, 2011 | 2011 Events, arab spring, Bahrain, Egypt, Family Law Reform, Human Rights, Iran, Jordan, Leading to Action, MENA, Middle East, Morocco, Rights & Reservations: Realizing CEDAW, senate, ICT for Social Change, Political Participation
The following is WLP President Mahnaz Afkhami's written testimony for the hearing on Women and the Arab Spring to the Senate Foreign Relations Subcommittee on International Operation and Organizations, Human Rights, Democracy, and Global Women’s Issues and Subcommittee on Near Eastern and South Central Asia Affairs. Thank you for the opportunity to submit this testimony on the state of women’s rights in the Middle East and North Africa during this critical time of transition. 
S:SSO to Sakai