Iran

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  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /var/www/stage/var/www/wlp/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 879.
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At A Glance

Indices and Rankings
Gender Gap Ranking1 #123/134
Gender Inequality Index2 0.674
HDI Ranking3 #70
Political Participation
Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses 3%/--
Women in Parliament ranking #129/133
Women at ministerial level (ranking) 3% (#92/133)
Year women received right to vote/be elected 1963/1963

Read more

Overview
GovernmentTheocratic republic
Total population77.9 million
GDP per capita (PPP) $11,200
HDI ranking3#70
Population under age 1524%
Urban population71%
Internet users43%
LanguagesPersian and Persian dialects 58%, Turkic and Turkic dialects 26%, Kurdish 9%, Luri 2%, Balochi 1%, Arabic 1%, other 2%

Indices Education & Employment Political Participation
Sources (March 2011): CIA World Factbook, Inter-Parliamentary Union, Internet World Stats, MDG Info 2010, Quota Project, UNESCO Institute for Statistics, UNICEF ChildInfo , UNICEF State of the World's Children 2011, United Nations Development Project Human Development Reports, World Economic Forum, World Health Organization Global Health Observatory Database. 1.The World Economic Forum's Gender Gap index assesses how well countries divide resources and opportunities amongs male and female populations in four areas: economic participation and opportunity (salaries, participation levels and access to high-skilled employment), educational attainment (access to basic and higher level education), health and survival (life expectancy and sex ratio), and political empowerment (representation in decision-making structures). 2. The UNDP's Gender Inequality Index is designed to reveal the extent to which national human development achievements are eroded by gender inequality. It is a composite measure reflecting inequality in achievements between women and men in three dimensions: reproductive health (maternal mortality ratio and adolescent fertility rate), empowerment (share of parliamentary seats, and secondary and higher education attainment levels) and the labour market (women's participation in the work force). It varies between zero (when women and men fare equally) and one (when men or women fare poorly compared to the other in all dimensions). 3. The UNDP's Human Development Index (HDI) is a summary composite index that measures a country's average achievements in three basic aspects of human development: health, knowledge, and income. It was created to emphasize that people and their capabilities should be the ultimate criteria for assessing the development of a country, not economic growth alone. 4. Vulnerable employment is a Millenium Development Goal (MDG) 1B indicator; vulnerable employments are lower productivity and informal activities such as own-account workers and unpaid family workers. They are therefore more likely to lack benefi ts associated with decent employment, such as adequate social security and recourse to effective mechanisms for social dialogue. Vulnerable employment is often characterized by inadequate earnings, low productivity and substandard working conditions that undermine fundamental labour rights.
Gender Gap Ranking1 #123/134 Adult literacy rate, females as a % of males 88% Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses 3%/--
Gender Inequality Index2 0.674 Population with secondary education, female/male ratio 68% Women in Parliament ranking #129/133
Vulnerable employment for women (men)4 56% (40%) Women at ministerial level (ranking) 3% (#92/133)
Year women received right to vote/be elected 1963/1963
HealthQuotas
Lifetime risk in maternal death, 1 in 1500 Quota type --
Births per woman 1.8 Constitutional quota in lower house --
Births per 1000 women aged 15-19 18 Electoral quota in lower house --
Voluntary political party quotas --

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Our Partner

Women's Movement of Iran Read More >

Reports & Updates
December 15, 2012 | Human Rights, Iran, Iran's One Million Signatures Campaign, OMS Inside Story
Our work in support of Iranian human rights activists has focused specifically on bolstering the women’s movement and the One Million Signatures campaign in Iran.One Million Signatures CampaignThis campaign, founded in 2006, mobilizes a diverse group of activists both on the ground and online to collect signatures, raise awareness, and spark dialogue about the negative impact of discriminatory family laws on women’s lives and on society as a whole, resulting in a dynamic social justice movement.
November 4, 2011 | 2011 Events, arab spring, Bahrain, Egypt, Family Law Reform, Human Rights, Iran, Jordan, Leading to Action, MENA, Middle East, Morocco, Rights & Reservations: Realizing CEDAW, senate, ICT for Social Change, Political Participation
The following is WLP President Mahnaz Afkhami's written testimony for the hearing on Women and the Arab Spring to the Senate Foreign Relations Subcommittee on International Operation and Organizations, Human Rights, Democracy, and Global Women’s Issues and Subcommittee on Near Eastern and South Central Asia Affairs. Thank you for the opportunity to submit this testimony on the state of women’s rights in the Middle East and North Africa during this critical time of transition. 
October 7, 2011 | Iran, Iran's One Million Signatures Campaign, Middle East, Leadership, Measuring Change, OMS Inside Story
Two new resources are available for download from Women’s Learning Partnership: Arabic edition of Iranian Women’s One Million Signatures Campaign for Equality: The Inside Story  A comprehensive account of Iranian women activists' successful awareness-raising efforts on a grassroots level.   — Shirin Ebadi Nobel Peace Laureate, 2003 Originally published in Iran, and released through the WLP Translation Series in English following Iran’s 2009 presidential election, the book is now available in Arabic.
October 4, 2011 | 2012 Events, Americas, Brazil, Egypt, Indonesia, Iran, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Leading to Action, Lebanon, Malaysia, Mauritania, Morocco, Nigeria, Pakistan, Palestine, Turkey, Zimbabwe, Political Participation
In October, WLP traveled to Lima, Peru for the World Movement for Democracy (WMD) seventh Global Assembly, Democracy for All: Ensuring Political, Social, and Economic Inclusion. The conference brought together WLP Partners and more than 500 democracy activists, practitioners, and scholars, providing an important opportunity for learning, exchange, and networking with civil society actors from across the world.
September 9, 2011 | Iran, Iran's One Million Signatures Campaign, Middle East
Faranak Farid, Women’s Rights Activist Arrested in TabrizChange for Equality: Faranak Farid, poet, translator and women’s rights and Campaign activist, was arrested on Saturday, September 3, 2011 in the city of Tabriz. According to eyewitness accounts, she was arrested in the Amin intersection in the city of Tabriz.
August 13, 2011 | Human Rights, Human Rights Alerts, Iran, Iran's One Million Signatures Campaign, Middle East
Change for Equality: In a letter addressed to judicial authorities and the head of the prosecutor’s office at Evin prison, the detained lawyer, political prisoner, and human rights activists, Nasrin Sotoudeh, announced that in protest to the inhumane and unacceptable treatment of her children, husband and sister during their last visitation, including a five-hour detention, she has decided to refrain from any such visitations in order to protect her children from any further harm.
July 25, 2011 | Human Rights, Iran, Iran's One Million Signatures Campaign, Middle East
Change for Equality: Activists in the Iranian Women’s Movement have drafted a statement which provides analysis and objects to: the lack of commitment and accountability on the part of the Iranian government to prosecute rapists—several recent incidents of gang rapes have been reported in the governmental press on which authorities have failed to pursue or prosecute perpetrators, rather they have gone on record blaming women for being raped; the use of rape as torture against political prisoners (men and women);
July 24, 2011 | Human Rights, Iran, Iran's One Million Signatures Campaign, Middle East
Change for Equality: Maryam Bidgoli, Campaign activist in Qom, was arrested at her home on Thursday, July 20th. She called her family on the same day and informed them that she had been transferred to Langroud prison in the city of Qom.

Profile

Azar Nafisi

Director / The Dialogue Project
Nationality:  Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Profession:  Professor/Teacher, Scholar/Writer
Languages Spoken:  English, Persian
Area(s) of Expertise:  Arts & Culture, Women's Human Rights
Country/Region of Expertise:  Iran (Islamic Republic of), Middle East

Azar Nafisi is a Visiting Fellow at the Foreign Policy Institute of the Johns Hopkins University’s School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS) in Washington, DC. She is also Founder and Director of The Dialogue Project, a program that convenes cross-cultural and interfaith dialogues about the Palestinian-Israeli and Middle East conflicts. A professor of aesthetics, culture and literature, Dr. Nafisi held a fellowship at Oxford University teaching and conducting a series of lectures on culture and the important role of Western literature and culture in Iran after the revolution in 1979.

S:SSO to Sakai