Kyrgyzstan

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At A Glance

Indices and Rankings
Gender Gap Ranking1 #51/134
Gender Inequality Index2 0.56
HDI Ranking3 #109
Political Participation
Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses 23%/--
Women in Parliament ranking #47/133
Women at ministerial level (ranking) 10% (#66/133)
Year women received right to vote/be elected 1918/1918

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Overview
GovernmentRepublic
Total population5.6 million
GDP per capita (PPP) $2,200
HDI ranking3#109
Population under age 1529%
Urban population35%
Internet users40%
LanguagesKyrgyz 65%, Uzbek 14%, Russian 12.5%, others

Indices Education & Employment Political Participation
Sources (March 2011): CIA World Factbook, Inter-Parliamentary Union, Internet World Stats, MDG Info 2010, Quota Project, UNESCO Institute for Statistics, UNICEF ChildInfo , UNICEF State of the World's Children 2011, United Nations Development Project Human Development Reports, World Economic Forum, World Health Organization Global Health Observatory Database. 1.The World Economic Forum's Gender Gap index assesses how well countries divide resources and opportunities amongs male and female populations in four areas: economic participation and opportunity (salaries, participation levels and access to high-skilled employment), educational attainment (access to basic and higher level education), health and survival (life expectancy and sex ratio), and political empowerment (representation in decision-making structures). 2. The UNDP's Gender Inequality Index is designed to reveal the extent to which national human development achievements are eroded by gender inequality. It is a composite measure reflecting inequality in achievements between women and men in three dimensions: reproductive health (maternal mortality ratio and adolescent fertility rate), empowerment (share of parliamentary seats, and secondary and higher education attainment levels) and the labour market (women's participation in the work force). It varies between zero (when women and men fare equally) and one (when men or women fare poorly compared to the other in all dimensions). 3. The UNDP's Human Development Index (HDI) is a summary composite index that measures a country's average achievements in three basic aspects of human development: health, knowledge, and income. It was created to emphasize that people and their capabilities should be the ultimate criteria for assessing the development of a country, not economic growth alone. 4. Vulnerable employment is a Millenium Development Goal (MDG) 1B indicator; vulnerable employments are lower productivity and informal activities such as own-account workers and unpaid family workers. They are therefore more likely to lack benefi ts associated with decent employment, such as adequate social security and recourse to effective mechanisms for social dialogue. Vulnerable employment is often characterized by inadequate earnings, low productivity and substandard working conditions that undermine fundamental labour rights.
Gender Gap Ranking1 #51/134 Adult literacy rate, females as a % of males 99% Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses 23%/--
Gender Inequality Index2 0.56 Population with secondary education, female/male ratio 100% Women in Parliament ranking #47/133
Vulnerable employment for women (men)4 47% (47%) Women at ministerial level (ranking) 10% (#66/133)
Year women received right to vote/be elected 1918/1918
HealthQuotas
Lifetime risk in maternal death, 1 in 450 Quota type Reserved seats
Births per woman 2.7 Constitutional quota in lower house No
Births per 1000 women aged 15-19 32 Electoral quota in lower house Yes
Voluntary political party quotas No

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Our Partner

Human Rights Center/Citizens against Corruption (CAC), founded in 2000, aims to decrease corruption, poverty, and injustice, and to improve the human rights situation in Kyrgyzstan by empowering local NGOs and activists to become sustainable, self-sufficient civil society actors and activists, involving them in decision making processes at all levels. READ MORE >

Reports & Updates
October 26, 2011 | human rights, Human Rights, Human Rights Alerts, Human Rights Center/ Citizens Against Corruption, Kyrgyzstan, Kyrgyzstan, Leading To Choices
On November 27, 2012, the Inter-District Court of Bishkek dismissed a complaint brought to the court by Tolekan Ismailova, Director of WLP Kyrgyzstan/Human Rights Center-“Citizens Against Corruption” and the human rights Bir Duyno Film Festival.
October 4, 2011 | 2012 Events, Americas, Brazil, Egypt, Indonesia, Iran, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Leading to Action, Lebanon, Malaysia, Mauritania, Morocco, Nigeria, Pakistan, Palestine, Turkey, Zimbabwe, Political Participation
In October, WLP traveled to Lima, Peru for the World Movement for Democracy (WMD) seventh Global Assembly, Democracy for All: Ensuring Political, Social, and Economic Inclusion. The conference brought together WLP Partners and more than 500 democracy activists, practitioners, and scholars, providing an important opportunity for learning, exchange, and networking with civil society actors from across the world.
June 3, 2011 | Asia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Leading to Action, Political Participation
WLP convened a Regional Institute on women’s political participation in Central Asia on April 14, 2011 in Shymkent, Kazakhstan, co-organized by WLP Kazakhstan/Shymkent Women's Resource Center and WLP Kyrgyzstan/Human Rights Center “Citizens Against Corruption.” Thirty women leaders, including activists, journalists, students, as well as local and state administrators, participants shared experiences on networking with organizations to advance women’s political participation, promoting the transparency of government agencies, and developing women's leadership in the Central Asia region. They also highlighted the importance of monitoring governmental institutions on the development and implementation of gender policy, analyzing local and national elections, and empowering women on the ground to push for positive change for their full political participation.
November 11, 2010 | Asia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, eNews 27, Leading To Choices, Leadership
For civil society, Central Asia has become one of the most difficult places to work. Freedom of assembly, an open press, and internet usage have eroded throughout the region.Uzbekistan has remained all but closed to NGO activity. WLP's former partner in Uzbekistan, Tashkent Women's Resource Center (TWRC), which organized WLP's first Central Asia Regional Institute in 2005 in cooperation with Shymkent Women's Resource Center (SWRC), was forcibly closed by the government in 2006.Kyrgyzstan has seen significant political turmoil, with a coup in April. A violent outbreak in southern Kyrgyzstan in early June led to further attempts to intimidate and silence human rights activists.
July 8, 2010 | Asia, Human Rights, Human Rights Alerts, Kyrgyzstan
The society of Kyrgyzstan should not accept such facts and hide them, afraid that an independent evaluation won’t be made and that no one would be held responsible before the law. I hope that the new government, under the President of the transitional period, Mrs. Rosa Otunbayeva, can start work by respecting the highest standards of the rule of law, human rights and development.
June 29, 2010 | Human Rights, Human Rights Alerts, Kyrgyzstan
Human rights activists in the region have been working extensively to promote transparency and reconciliation efforts, and such efforts to intimidate and silence them are cause for grave concern. Ismailova has been targeted for harassment and arrest on several previous occasions for her human rights activism, most recently in 2009 for peaceful activities in solidarity with Iranian women activists and speaking out in favor of transparent elections.
June 14, 2010 | Human Rights, Kyrgyzstan
Tolekan Ismailova of WLP’s partner in Kyrgyzstan, Human Rights Center "Citizens against Corruption" (CAC) is currently in the conflict zone in southern Kyrgyzstan with a group of human rights defenders, journalists, and Ombudsman representatives visiting local communities, providing humanitarian aid, and working to mediate ethnic tensions.
December 4, 2009 | Jordan, Kyrgyzstan, Organizational Capacity Building
Since its launch in September 2008, WLP's peer-exchange strategic planning and capacity building initiative has been a resounding success. Over the past year, we have seen fruitful exchanges between partners in several countries, including Palestine, Jordan, Lebanon, and Nigeria. Our peer collaboration model has already evolved far beyond our initial hopes, producing not only deep organizational analyses and real results, but also a new level of creativity, outreach, and relationship building among partners and across regions.
S:SSO to Sakai