Lebanon

  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /var/www/stage/var/www/wlp/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 879.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_attach_plugin_display_node_content::options_submit() should be compatible with views_plugin_display::options_submit(&$form, &$form_state) in /var/www/stage/var/www/wlp/sites/all/modules/views_attach/views_attach_plugin_display_node_content.inc on line 0.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_argument::init() should be compatible with views_handler::init(&$view, $options) in /var/www/stage/var/www/wlp/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_argument.inc on line 0.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/stage/var/www/wlp/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_argument_many_to_one.inc on line 36.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/stage/var/www/wlp/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_argument_many_to_one.inc on line 36.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter::options_validate() should be compatible with views_handler::options_validate($form, &$form_state) in /var/www/stage/var/www/wlp/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter.inc on line 0.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter::options_submit() should be compatible with views_handler::options_submit($form, &$form_state) in /var/www/stage/var/www/wlp/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter.inc on line 0.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter_boolean_operator::value_validate() should be compatible with views_handler_filter::value_validate($form, &$form_state) in /var/www/stage/var/www/wlp/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_boolean_operator.inc on line 0.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_plugin_style_default::options() should be compatible with views_object::options() in /var/www/stage/var/www/wlp/sites/all/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_style_default.inc on line 0.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_plugin_row::options_validate() should be compatible with views_plugin::options_validate(&$form, &$form_state) in /var/www/stage/var/www/wlp/sites/all/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_row.inc on line 0.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_plugin_row::options_submit() should be compatible with views_plugin::options_submit(&$form, &$form_state) in /var/www/stage/var/www/wlp/sites/all/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_row.inc on line 0.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /var/www/stage/var/www/wlp/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 879.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/stage/var/www/wlp/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_argument_many_to_one.inc on line 36.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/stage/var/www/wlp/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_argument_many_to_one.inc on line 36.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /var/www/stage/var/www/wlp/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 879.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/stage/var/www/wlp/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_argument_many_to_one.inc on line 36.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/stage/var/www/wlp/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_argument_many_to_one.inc on line 36.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /var/www/stage/var/www/wlp/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 879.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/stage/var/www/wlp/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_argument_many_to_one.inc on line 36.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/stage/var/www/wlp/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_argument_many_to_one.inc on line 36.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /var/www/stage/var/www/wlp/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 879.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/stage/var/www/wlp/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_argument_many_to_one.inc on line 36.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/stage/var/www/wlp/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_argument_many_to_one.inc on line 36.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /var/www/stage/var/www/wlp/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 879.

At A Glance

Indices and Rankings
Gender Gap Ranking1 #116/134
Gender Inequality Index2 --
HDI Ranking3 #83
Political Participation
Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses 3%/--
Women in Parliament ranking #127/133
Women at ministerial level (ranking) 7% (#78/133)
Year women received right to vote/be elected 1952/1952

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Overview
GovernmentRepublic
Total population4.1 million
GDP per capita (PPP) $14,200
HDI ranking3#83
Population under age 1523%
Urban population87%
Internet users24%
LanguagesArabic (official), French, English, Armenian

Indices Education & Employment Political Participation
Sources (March 2011): CIA World Factbook, Inter-Parliamentary Union, Internet World Stats, MDG Info 2010, Quota Project, UNESCO Institute for Statistics, UNICEF ChildInfo , UNICEF State of the World's Children 2011, United Nations Development Project Human Development Reports, World Economic Forum, World Health Organization Global Health Observatory Database. 1.The World Economic Forum's Gender Gap index assesses how well countries divide resources and opportunities amongs male and female populations in four areas: economic participation and opportunity (salaries, participation levels and access to high-skilled employment), educational attainment (access to basic and higher level education), health and survival (life expectancy and sex ratio), and political empowerment (representation in decision-making structures). 2. The UNDP's Gender Inequality Index is designed to reveal the extent to which national human development achievements are eroded by gender inequality. It is a composite measure reflecting inequality in achievements between women and men in three dimensions: reproductive health (maternal mortality ratio and adolescent fertility rate), empowerment (share of parliamentary seats, and secondary and higher education attainment levels) and the labour market (women's participation in the work force). It varies between zero (when women and men fare equally) and one (when men or women fare poorly compared to the other in all dimensions). 3. The UNDP's Human Development Index (HDI) is a summary composite index that measures a country's average achievements in three basic aspects of human development: health, knowledge, and income. It was created to emphasize that people and their capabilities should be the ultimate criteria for assessing the development of a country, not economic growth alone. 4. Vulnerable employment is a Millenium Development Goal (MDG) 1B indicator; vulnerable employments are lower productivity and informal activities such as own-account workers and unpaid family workers. They are therefore more likely to lack benefi ts associated with decent employment, such as adequate social security and recourse to effective mechanisms for social dialogue. Vulnerable employment is often characterized by inadequate earnings, low productivity and substandard working conditions that undermine fundamental labour rights.
Gender Gap Ranking1 #116/134 Adult literacy rate, females as a % of males 98% Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses 3%/--
Gender Inequality Index2 -- Population with secondary education, female/male ratio -- Women in Parliament ranking #127/133
Vulnerable employment for women (men)4 -- Women at ministerial level (ranking) 7% (#78/133)
Year women received right to vote/be elected 1952/1952
HealthQuotas
Lifetime risk in maternal death, 1 in 2000 Quota type No legislated quota
Births per woman 1.8 Constitutional quota in lower house No
Births per 1000 women aged 15-19 16 Electoral quota in lower house No
Voluntary political party quotas No

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Our Partner

Collective for Research & Training on Development-Action (CRTD-A) provides technical training and support to non-governmental organizations, governmental partners, researchers, and international agencies in areas of social and community development, with an emphasis on gender equality and equity. CRTD-A focuses on qualitative, participatory, and action-oriented social research, and produces original literature on gender and development, gender mainstreaming, gender training, social development, civil society, and poverty. CRTD-A also provides consultancy services for non-governmental organizations and other development actors in gender related areas. Read more >

Reports & Updates
December 14, 2011 | Claiming Equal Citizenship, Claiming Equal Citizenship, Human Rights, Lebanon, Middle East, political participation
In its meeting of 12 December 2011, the current Cabinet endorsed a draft law to reinstate Lebanese nationality to emigrants of Lebanese descent.  However, the draft law was endorsed after “minor modifications” according to the current Minister of Interior, Brigadier Marwan Charbel.  The “minor modification” was the specification that Lebanese descent shall be limited to fathers and grandfathers only - Not mothers or grandmothers.  The “minor modification” is yet again further proof of Lebanon’s persistent patriarchal mindset which clearly considers citizenship to be a male attribute.WLP would like to share the following statement on behalf of the Arab Women's Right to Nationality Campaign in Lebanon, part of WLP's regional Claiming Equal Citizenship campaign. 
October 4, 2011 | 2012 Events, Americas, Brazil, Egypt, Indonesia, Iran, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Leading to Action, Lebanon, Malaysia, Mauritania, Morocco, Nigeria, Pakistan, Palestine, Turkey, Zimbabwe, Political Participation
In October, WLP traveled to Lima, Peru for the World Movement for Democracy (WMD) seventh Global Assembly, Democracy for All: Ensuring Political, Social, and Economic Inclusion. The conference brought together WLP Partners and more than 500 democracy activists, practitioners, and scholars, providing an important opportunity for learning, exchange, and networking with civil society actors from across the world.
July 12, 2011 | Lebanon, Middle East, Rights & Reservations: Realizing CEDAW, Political Participation
Feminist organizations from Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, Morocco, Syria, and Lebanon convened a meeting in Beirut on June 27th and 28th, hosted by WLP Lebanon/CRTD-A. Partners from Bahrain were unable to attend due to the unstable security situation in their country. Participating organizations are active members of WLP International as well as the Equality without Reservation Coalition.
June 28, 2011 | Claiming Equal Citizenship, Lebanon, Middle East, Rights & Reservations: Realizing CEDAW
Collective for Research & Training on Development-Action (CRTD-A) provides technical training and support to non-governmental organizations, governmental partners, researchers, and international agencies in areas of social and community development, with an emphasis on gender equality and equity. CRTD-A focuses on qualitative, participatory, and action-oriented social research, and produces original literature on gender and development, gender mainstreaming, gender training, social development, civil society, and poverty. CRTD-A also provides consultancy services for non-governmental organizations and other development actors in gender related areas.
June 24, 2011 | Claiming Equal Citizenship, Lebanon, Middle East, Rights & Reservations: Realizing CEDAW
Local events being held by CRTD-A, June 2011 On June 24 2011, WLP Lebanon/CTRD-A brought together 100 women who are involved with the Claiming Equal Citizenship campaign for a consultation and planning meeting, to organize a public advocacy event on the campaign. This event came in the wake of the appointment of a new government in Lebanon, and the increasing concern for Lebanon's commitment to the full implementation of CEDAW, notably through the reform of the family laws and of the discriminatory nationality laws. WLP will continue to provide updates on the events connected with this initiative. On June 27 and 28 2011, CRTD-A will be convening an annual regional meeting of the coalition of organizations that work together on the Claiming Equal Citizenship and Equality without Reservation campaigns in Beirut. The working group will be discussing the events of the Arab Spring in the region, and how these events have impacted, and will continue to impact, women and women’s rights. The group will also collaborate on a press release regarding women’s participation in the Arab Spring, and the emerging critical issues for women in the region, particularly with the growing visibility and mobilization of fundamentalist religious and political groups.
June 24, 2011 | Claiming Equal Citizenship, Lebanon, Middle East
After nearly five months of negotiations, Lebanon’s government announced the formation of the new Cabinet, with Prime Minister Najib Mitaki at its head. The absence of women from the new Cabinet has sparked controversy and angered women’s rights groups throughout the country, and has added to the continuing tension between political factions. As the appointed government prepares to draft its ministerial statement, the ‘My Nationality is a Right for Me and My Family’ campaign urges the Mikati government to uphold the Lebanese state commitment to ensure equal citizenship through the reform of the discriminatory nationality laws.
May 25, 2011 | Lebanon, Middle East, Morocco, Rights & Reservations: Realizing CEDAW, Political Participation
  On May 20, 2011, representatives from civil society, women’s rights organizations, international organizations, including UN Women, the public sector and the diplomatic corps from Morocco, Tunisia, Egypt, Syria, and Lebanon, convened in Rabat for a regional seminar on Women and Democratic Transitions in the MENA region.

Profile

Afifa Dirani Arsanios

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Nationality:  Lebanon
Profession:  Activist, Consultant
Languages Spoken:  Arabic, English
Area(s) of Expertise:  International Development
Country/Region of Expertise:  Lebanon, Middle East

Afifa Arsanios is the Advisor to the Minister of Culture and Education in Beirut, Lebanon and a former diplomat in the Lebanese Foreign Service. She has held a number of diplomatic positions in international agencies including the UN General Assembly, the World Bank, and the UN Development Program. Ms. Arsanios is an Advisor to the Women's Learning Partnership and the Global Fund for Women. In 1994, she founded a chapter of the Sisterhood is Global Institute in Lebanon, establishing training programs in women's human rights for Muslim women in the Bekaa Valley.

S:SSO to Sakai