Mauritania

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  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /var/www/stage/var/www/wlp/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 879.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/stage/var/www/wlp/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_argument_many_to_one.inc on line 36.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/stage/var/www/wlp/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_argument_many_to_one.inc on line 36.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /var/www/stage/var/www/wlp/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 879.

At A Glance

Indices and Rankings
Gender Gap Ranking1 #113/134
Gender Inequality Index2 0.738
HDI Ranking3 #136
Political Participation
Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses 22%/14%
Women in Parliament ranking #52/133
Women at ministerial level (ranking) 23% (#33/133)
Year women received right to vote/be elected 1961/1961

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Overview
GovernmentMilitary junta
Total population3.3 million
GDP per capita (PPP) $2,100
HDI ranking3#136
Population under age 1540%
Urban population41%
Internet users2%
LanguagesArabic (official), Pulaar, Soninke, Wolof, French, Hassaniya

Indices Education & Employment Political Participation
Sources (March 2011): CIA World Factbook, Inter-Parliamentary Union, Internet World Stats, MDG Info 2010, Quota Project, UNESCO Institute for Statistics, UNICEF ChildInfo , UNICEF State of the World's Children 2011, United Nations Development Project Human Development Reports, World Economic Forum, World Health Organization Global Health Observatory Database. 1.The World Economic Forum's Gender Gap index assesses how well countries divide resources and opportunities amongs male and female populations in four areas: economic participation and opportunity (salaries, participation levels and access to high-skilled employment), educational attainment (access to basic and higher level education), health and survival (life expectancy and sex ratio), and political empowerment (representation in decision-making structures). 2. The UNDP's Gender Inequality Index is designed to reveal the extent to which national human development achievements are eroded by gender inequality. It is a composite measure reflecting inequality in achievements between women and men in three dimensions: reproductive health (maternal mortality ratio and adolescent fertility rate), empowerment (share of parliamentary seats, and secondary and higher education attainment levels) and the labour market (women's participation in the work force). It varies between zero (when women and men fare equally) and one (when men or women fare poorly compared to the other in all dimensions). 3. The UNDP's Human Development Index (HDI) is a summary composite index that measures a country's average achievements in three basic aspects of human development: health, knowledge, and income. It was created to emphasize that people and their capabilities should be the ultimate criteria for assessing the development of a country, not economic growth alone. 4. Vulnerable employment is a Millenium Development Goal (MDG) 1B indicator; vulnerable employments are lower productivity and informal activities such as own-account workers and unpaid family workers. They are therefore more likely to lack benefi ts associated with decent employment, such as adequate social security and recourse to effective mechanisms for social dialogue. Vulnerable employment is often characterized by inadequate earnings, low productivity and substandard working conditions that undermine fundamental labour rights.
Gender Gap Ranking1 #113/134 Adult literacy rate, females as a % of males 107% Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses 22%/14%
Gender Inequality Index2 0.738 Population with secondary education, female/male ratio 39% Women in Parliament ranking #52/133
Vulnerable employment for women (men)4 -- Women at ministerial level (ranking) 23% (#33/133)
Year women received right to vote/be elected 1961/1961
HealthQuotas
Lifetime risk in maternal death, 1 in 41 Quota type Legislated Candidate Quotas
Births per woman 4.5 Constitutional quota in lower house No
Births per 1000 women aged 15-19 90 Electoral quota in lower house Yes
Voluntary political party quotas No

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Our Partner

L'Association des Femmes Chefs de Famille (AFCF) is a non-governmental organization (NGO) with over 5,000 members. The primary mission of AFCF is to promote human rights and to defend the rights of women and children; bring about support for women in precarious situations, particularly those who are the head of the household; create a network of associations that fight for the improvement of living conditions of women heads of households and their children; contribute to the emergence of an active solidarity amongst women of different social classes; and fight for equality amongst men and women.

Reports & Updates
October 4, 2011 | 2012 Events, Americas, Brazil, Egypt, Indonesia, Iran, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Leading to Action, Lebanon, Malaysia, Mauritania, Morocco, Nigeria, Pakistan, Palestine, Turkey, Zimbabwe, Political Participation
In October, WLP traveled to Lima, Peru for the World Movement for Democracy (WMD) seventh Global Assembly, Democracy for All: Ensuring Political, Social, and Economic Inclusion. The conference brought together WLP Partners and more than 500 democracy activists, practitioners, and scholars, providing an important opportunity for learning, exchange, and networking with civil society actors from across the world.
August 31, 2009 | Mauritania, Morocco, Leading To Choices, Leadership, Political Participation
From 13 to 16 March 2009, the Association of Women Heads of Families (AFCF) organized a training workshop for trainers in female leadership in collaboration with the Democratic Association of Moroccan Women (ADFM) and with support from Women’s Learning Partnership for Rights Development and Peace (WLP). According to Ms. El Moctar, president of AFCF, female leadership is feasible in Mauritania. “We cannot wait for a favorable situation. One cannot expect that people give us the opportunity to evolve as leaders. It is up to us, women, to win and create this dynamic of leadership, whatever the political, environmental, economical, and social situation."
August 7, 2008 | Mauritania
AFCF demands a return to constitutional legality and the reinstatement of the democratically-elected president and his government, and calls on all human rights institutions, activists and personalities to resolutely reject this coup d’état and to defend Mauritania’s democratic constitutional order.
July 23, 2008 | Mauritania
In the 2007 municipal council elections, women were voted into 37 percent of seats -- or 1,120 out of 3,688 -- and 18 percent of parliamentarians are women, but women make up just three out of 27 ministers. Even this marks progress -- while Mauritania ranks 111 out of 128 countries on the World Economic Forum’s 2007 global gender gap index, when it comes to political empowerment its ranking rises to 74 partly because of its efforts to boost women’s presence in government.
March 18, 2008 | 2008 Events, Kyrgyzstan, Mauritania, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Pakistan, Palestine, Political Participation
The 21st century is the century for women and politics. Six extraordinary grassroots leaders from four regions of the world discuss practical strategies and culture friendly initiatives that they have used to mobilize women, and especially young women, to participate in making decisions that affect their lives and the lives of their communities.
September 25, 2007 | Mauritania, Political Participation
One month prior to the November 2006 elections, WLP Mauritania/Association des Femmes Chefs de Famille (AFCF) trained 40 women in leadership and political participation in preparation for the elections. The workshops’ goal was to encourage women to vote and to become political candidates.
November 10, 2006 | Claiming Equal Citizenship, Human Rights, Mauritania
Mauritania is a party to the Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) with reservations on any part of the convention that is contrary to Islamic Sharia law or against the Mauritanian Constitution. AFCF asserts that equal citizenship rights are not against Sharia or the Constitution and should therefore be granted to Mauritanian women.
S:SSO to Sakai