Pakistan

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At A Glance

Indices and Rankings
Gender Gap Ranking1 #132/134
Gender Inequality Index2 0.721
HDI Ranking3 #125
Political Participation
Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses 22%/17%
Women in Parliament ranking #51/133
Women at ministerial level (ranking) 7.5% (#75/133)
Year women received right to vote/be elected 1947(literate women) & 1956(all women)

Read more

Overview
GovernmentFederal republic
Total population187.3 million
GDP per capita (PPP) $2,400
HDI ranking3#125
Population under age 1535%
Urban population36%
Internet users10%
LanguagesPunjabi 48%, Sindhi 12%, Siraiki 10%, Pashtu 8%, Urdu (official) 8%, others including English (official)

Indices Education & Employment Political Participation
Sources (March 2011): CIA World Factbook, Inter-Parliamentary Union, Internet World Stats, MDG Info 2010, Quota Project, UNESCO Institute for Statistics, UNICEF ChildInfo , UNICEF State of the World's Children 2011, United Nations Development Project Human Development Reports, World Economic Forum, World Health Organization Global Health Observatory Database. 1.The World Economic Forum's Gender Gap index assesses how well countries divide resources and opportunities amongs male and female populations in four areas: economic participation and opportunity (salaries, participation levels and access to high-skilled employment), educational attainment (access to basic and higher level education), health and survival (life expectancy and sex ratio), and political empowerment (representation in decision-making structures). 2. The UNDP's Gender Inequality Index is designed to reveal the extent to which national human development achievements are eroded by gender inequality. It is a composite measure reflecting inequality in achievements between women and men in three dimensions: reproductive health (maternal mortality ratio and adolescent fertility rate), empowerment (share of parliamentary seats, and secondary and higher education attainment levels) and the labour market (women's participation in the work force). It varies between zero (when women and men fare equally) and one (when men or women fare poorly compared to the other in all dimensions). 3. The UNDP's Human Development Index (HDI) is a summary composite index that measures a country's average achievements in three basic aspects of human development: health, knowledge, and income. It was created to emphasize that people and their capabilities should be the ultimate criteria for assessing the development of a country, not economic growth alone. 4. Vulnerable employment is a Millenium Development Goal (MDG) 1B indicator; vulnerable employments are lower productivity and informal activities such as own-account workers and unpaid family workers. They are therefore more likely to lack benefi ts associated with decent employment, such as adequate social security and recourse to effective mechanisms for social dialogue. Vulnerable employment is often characterized by inadequate earnings, low productivity and substandard working conditions that undermine fundamental labour rights.
Gender Gap Ranking1 #132 Adult literacy rate, females as a % of males 83% Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses 22%/17%
Gender Inequality Index2 0.721 Population with secondary education, female/male ratio 50% Women in Parliament ranking #51/133
Vulnerable employment for women (men)4 75% (58%) Women at ministerial level (ranking) 7.5% (#75/133)
Year women received right to vote/be elected 1947(literate women) & 1956(all women)
HealthQuotas
Lifetime risk in maternal death, 1 in 93 Quota type Reserved seats
Births per woman 3.2 Constitutional quota in lower house Yes
Births per 1000 women aged 15-19 46 Electoral quota in lower house No
Voluntary political party quotas No

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Our Partner

The Aurat Foundation is a non-governmental organization committed to women’s empowerment and citizens’ participation in government in order to create a socially just, democratic, and humane society. Established in 1986, the Foundation has created the nation’s largest district-level network of organizations, activists, and volunteers that works together to support citizens’ participation in addressing issues of concern to women. Read More >

Reports & Updates
December 18, 2012 | Asia, Pakistan
Aurat Publication and Information Service Foundation (Aurat Foundation) is a national, non-profit, non-governmental organization committed to working for women's empowerment and democratic governance in Pakistan. It has its headquarters in Islamabad and four regional offices in  Lahore, Karachi, Peshawar and Quetta  with over 120 employees. It is a major support organization for civil society organizations, federal, provincial, and local governments and political parties, among other public and private institutions, with an extensive countrywide network of voluntary citizens’ groups and individual activists in the 110 districts of Pakistan.
October 4, 2011 | 2012 Events, Americas, Brazil, Egypt, Indonesia, Iran, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Leading to Action, Lebanon, Malaysia, Mauritania, Morocco, Nigeria, Pakistan, Palestine, Turkey, Zimbabwe, Political Participation
In October, WLP traveled to Lima, Peru for the World Movement for Democracy (WMD) seventh Global Assembly, Democracy for All: Ensuring Political, Social, and Economic Inclusion. The conference brought together WLP Partners and more than 500 democracy activists, practitioners, and scholars, providing an important opportunity for learning, exchange, and networking with civil society actors from across the world.
November 17, 2010 | Asia, Human Rights, Pakistan, Rights & Reservations: Realizing CEDAW
Honorable Members of the Senate Judiciary Committee, the United States of America Good Morning, We would like to make a short submission before you in the interest of women around the world. Please consider it sympathetically.
November 11, 2010 | Asia, Pakistan, eNews 27
Donate Online This summer, Pakistan faced the worst floods in its history, affecting over 20 million people. Before the flood waters receded, WLP launched a global appeal in support of our Pakistani partner, the Aurat Foundation, and its Motherland Flood Relief Campaign. The next several months will be critical to stemming the number of flood-related deaths and confronting the grave issue of food security. The floodwaters wiped out huge swaths of agricultural land that provided basic staples of rice and wheat to the population. Seeds, livestock and equipment were destroyed. In the huge provinces of Sindh and Punjab, roughly 90% of cropland has been lost.
August 23, 2010 | Flood, Human Rights Alerts, Pakistan, Relief
Pakistan is currently facing the worst disaster in its history. Massive floods have engulfed large portions of the country, directly affecting 20 million people. The resulting human suffering is enormous. Women, particularly heads-of-households and pregnant women, face some of the gravest threats. They have less access to relief and aid, as relief efforts by the government and aid organizations often do not meet their specific needs. Approximately 90,000 pregnant flood victims are currently at risk because of lack of medical services and supplies. In addition, women and girls in the flooded regions are suffering from under- and mal-nutrition, anemia, poor hygiene and sanitation, and greater vulnerability to disease.
July 29, 2010 | Asia, Pakistan
WLP Partner Aurat Foundation's Motherland Flood Relief Campaign for women, children, and the elderly More Information | Donate Online Appeal in: العربية - Arabic (CRTD.A) | français - French (ADFM) | Português - Portuguese (Cepia) | español - Spanish (FODEM) WLP's partner in Pakistan, the Aurat Foundation, has launched a nation-wide flood relief campaign to meet the urgent needs of women, children, and the elderly. We need your help to provide critical supplies to the flood's most vulnerable victims.
March 18, 2008 | 2008 Events, Kyrgyzstan, Mauritania, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Pakistan, Palestine, Political Participation
The 21st century is the century for women and politics. Six extraordinary grassroots leaders from four regions of the world discuss practical strategies and culture friendly initiatives that they have used to mobilize women, and especially young women, to participate in making decisions that affect their lives and the lives of their communities.
March 4, 2006 | Asia, Pakistan, eNews 2
Women comprise a mere 7% of parliamentary seats in the South Asian region, which is half the world average of 14%. South Asian governments are beginning to take steps to increase women’s political participation through the establishment of quota systems at national and local levels. The one-third quota, however, needs to be instituted in all legislative, judiciary, and executive bodies at all levels, starting at the national level. This has yet to happen. Without a critical mass of women in national decision-making positions, South Asian women’s concerns will remain marginalized. Instituting quota systems is nevertheless only one step towards female political empowerment. We are still facing deep-rooted patriarchal traditions and attitudes that limit opportunities for women’s participation in public life. Rising communalism, religious fundamentalism, and conservatism are major limiting factors for women’s security and freedom.

Profile

Maleeha Lodhi

High Commissioner / High Commission for Pakistan in the United Kingdom
Nationality:  Pakistan
Profession:  Diplomat, Journalist/Media
Languages Spoken:  English
Area(s) of Expertise:  Democracy & Governance, Economics
Country/Region of Expertise:  Pakistan, South Asia

Dr. Maleeha Lodhi, a journalist, professor, and diplomat, has served as Pakistan’s High Commissioner to the United Kingdom since September 2003. She is a member of the United Nations Secretary General’s Advisory Board on Disarmament Affairs and formerly served as Ambassador of Pakistan to the United States from 1994-1997 and again from 1999-2002.

S:SSO to Sakai